10 Essential Public Health Services

10 Essential Public Health Services

In 1998, the Institute of Medicine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and others came together to look at the core functions of public health in the United States.

The resulting framework, the 10 Essential Public Health Services, describe the public health activities that all communities should undertake.

10 Essential Public Health Services

  1. Assess and monitor population health status, factors that influence health and community needs and assets
  2. Investigate, diagnose and address health problems and hazards affecting the population
  3. Communicate effectively to inform and educate people about health, factors that influence it and how to improve it
  4. Strengthen, support and mobilize communities and partnerships to improve health
  5. Create, champion and implement policies, plans, and laws that impact health
  6. Utilize legal and regulatory actions designed to improve and protect the public’s health
  7. Assure an effective system that enables equitable access to the individual services and care needed to be healthy
  8. Build and support a diverse and skilled public health workforce
  9. Improve and innovate public health functions through ongoing evaluation, research and continuous quality improvement
  10. Build and maintain a strong organizational infrastructure for public health