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Lead Poisoning Prevention and Properties

Nearly all lead poisoning cases in Northern Kentucky are associated with properties that have lead paint in bad condition. Because of this, lead poisoning prevention efforts in this area are targeted toward areas where most lead poisoning cases happen, including  the cities of Bromley, Ludlow, Covington, Latonia, Newport, Dayton and Bellevue.

Between 2001 and 2014, 93 percent of lead investigations of homes involved with lead poisoned children were in one of these seven cities.

However, any home older than 1978 can have lead paint. To keep children (and adults) from having problems caused by lead paint, it is important to understand how lead poisoning happens.

Lead disclosure

Before ratification of a contract for housing sale or lease, sellers and landlords must:

Most private housing, public housing, federally-owned housing, and housing receiving federal assistance built prior to 1978 are affected by this rule.

Find out more about lead-based paint disclosure

EPA pamphlet, Protect Your Family from Lead in Your Home: English, Spanish

Lead renovationsWorking on an older home

It is important to understand how work on homes built before 1978 can be done safely as well as the legal requirements for who can do work these properties.

There are three types lead work:

Lead hazard abatement

Lead hazard abatement requires the highest level of training for all work involving lead paint or homes older than 1978. 

Reasons why lead hazard abatements are used to address old paint:

Companies providing lead hazard abatement must:

For each job, a firm will be required to obtain a permit based on a lead hazard risk assessment, allow the job to be inspected by the Kentucky Department for Public Health's Environmental Lead Program, and arrange for third party company to perform clearance testing to ensure the work has not created additional lead hazards.

Renovation, repair and painting

Rental owners working in their own pre-1978 rental properties as well as contractors doing remodeling work in pre-1978 buildings must have renovation, repair and painting certification. Projects that disturb more than 6 square feet of interior space or 20 square feet of exterior space must follow the EPA guidelines.

Renovation, repair and painting is different from from abatement in the following ways:

Renovation, repair and painting is different from lead-safe work practices in the following ways:

Find a certified renovation, repair and painting training program

Small business guide to renovation, repair and painting

Lead-safe work practices
Lead-safe work practices can be used in a very limited number of applications, including by homeowners working on a home where they live. Training for this type of work is educational only, and carries no certification; however, property owners are responsible for complying with all local building codes and inspections as required. 

Lead-safe work practices assume any paint could contain lead, so work in a home built before 1978 is done in a way that creates the least amount of dust possible and safely contains any dust that is created.

The Health Department offers Lead-Safe Work Practices classes for Northern Kentucky homeowners who plan to perform work on a home where they live. Attendees will learn about the health effects of lead, personal protective equipment, setting up work areas to reduce dust, performing renovation work safely and safe disposal of possible lead contaminated debris. Classes can be scheduled on an as-needed basis. If you are interested, please email nkywebmaster@nkyhealth.org or call 859.341.4151. 

More on rental properties versus owner-occupied properties