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Chlamydia

What is chlamydia?
Where is chlamydia found?
What are the symptoms of chlamydia?
How is chlamydia spread?
How can I keep from getting chlamydia?
If I’ve been exposed to chlamydia, how long will it take for symptoms to develop?
What treatments are available for chlamydia? How serious is the disease?
How many cases of chlamydia have been reported in Northern Kentucky?
Where can I get more information on chlamydia?


What is chlamydia?
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease. It is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.  It is often called a silent disease because symptoms are generally mild or absent.

Where is chlamydia found?
Chlamydia is found worldwide and is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections.

What are the symptoms of chlamydia?
About one in four men and 30 percent of women with chlamydia have no symptoms.  

The symptoms of chlamydia in men include: discharge, burning sensation when urinating, itching or burning sensation around the opening of the penis.

The symptoms of chlamydia in women include: abnormal vaginal discharge, burning sensation when urinating, lower abdominal pain, lower back pain, nausea, fever, pain during intercourse, and bleeding between menstrual periods.

How is chlamydia spread?
Chlamydia is spread through sexual intercourse. It can also be passed on from a mother to her child during childbirth.

How can I keep from getting chlamydia?

If I’ve been exposed to chlamydia, how long will it take for symptoms to develop?
The initial symptoms of chlamydia can occur between 1 and 3 weeks after exposure.

What treatments are available for chlamydia? How serious is the disease?
Chlamydia can be easily treated with the use of antibiotics. Although the disease is easily treatable, symptoms are not always present, so yearly testing for sexually active women under the age of 25 is recommended.

If untreated in women, the disease can spread to the uterus or fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease, chronic pelvic pain and infertility. Untreated chlamydia can also lead to ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy outside the uterus) that can be fatal.

In men, complications from untreated chlamydia are rare, but the disease may cause pain, fever and, rarely, sterility.  
 
How many cases of chlamydia have been reported in Northern Kentucky?
In 2012, more than 1100 cases of chlamydia were reported in Northern Kentucky (Boone, Campbell, Grant and Kenton Counties).

Where can I get more information on chlamydia?
For more information online, you can visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or for more information and testing for Chlamydia, please call a county health center.

Sources: Northern Kentucky Health Department, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention