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Enterovirus D-68

What is enterovirus D-68?
What are the symptoms of enterovirus D-68?
How is enterovirus D-68 spread?
How can I keep from getting enterovirus D-68?
If I’ve been exposed to enterovirus D-68, how long will it take for symptoms to develop?
How long is someone with enterovirus D-68 contagious?
What treatments are available for enterovirus D-68? How serious is the disease?
My child has cold symptoms. How do I know if it’s enterovirus D-68?
What is the Health Department doing to prevent the spread of enterovirus D-68?
How many cases of enterovirus D-68 are reported in Northern Kentucky each year?
Where can I get more information on enterovirus D-68?

What is enterovirus D-68?
Enteroviruses are very common viruses, infecting 10 to 15 million in the United States each year. Most people infected with enteroviruses have no symptoms or only mild symptoms, but some infections can be serious. Most enterovirus infections in the U.S. occur seasonally during the summer and fall, and outbreaks of tend to occur in several-year cycles.

EV-D68, the strain being seen in recent weeks, is much less common. Unlike other enteroviruses, which can cause respiratory problems, fever, rash and meningitis, EV-D68 has been associated almost exclusively with respiratory disease.

What are the symptoms of enterovirus D-68?Child getting breathing treatment
Symptoms are similar to most colds, and include fever, runny nose sneezing and cough. In severe cases, enterovirus D-68 can cause wheezing and other problems breathing. Children with asthma or other previously diagnosed breathing conditions are more likely to develop severe cases.

How is enterovirus D-68 spread?  
Enterovirus D-68 is spread through person-to-person contact, including:

How can I keep from getting enterovirus D-68?
The best way to prevent enterovirus D-68 spread is:

If I’ve been exposed to enterovirus D-68, how long will it take for symptoms to develop? 
It usually takes 3 to 6 days from the time a person is exposed to the enterovirus until symptoms develop.

How long is someone with enterovirus D-68 contagious?
The contagious period is typically 1 to 3 weeks, sometimes less, for those with enteroviruses.

What treatments are available for enterovirus D-68? How serious is the disease?
Most cases of enterovirus D-68 are mild, and will only require treatment for the symptoms (i.e. pain relievers for a low-grade fever); however some people with severe respiratory illness caused by EV-D68 may need to be hospitalized. In particular, children with cold symptoms who develop breathing problems should consult with a health care provider right away.

My child has cold symptoms. How do I know if it’s enterovirus D-68? 
If the illness is mild, diagnosis of enterovirus D-68 is not important, as it won’t change the treatment, which is for the cold symptoms, and can include pain relievers, fluids and rest.

Testing for enterovirus D-68 may be necessary if the illness is severe and/or it’s needed to confirm the presence of a virus in a particular area.

What is the Health Department doing to prevent the spread of enterovirus D-68?
The Health Department is working with local health care providers and schools to provide education about enterovirus D-68 and tips on how to prevent its spread.

How many cases of enterovirus D-68 are reported in Northern Kentucky each year?
Individual cases of enteroviruses are not required to be reported to the Health Department, as it is not a reportable disease; however, the health department should be notified of severe cases or a number of cases that may constitute an outbreak.

Where can I get more information on enterovirus D-68?    
For more information, you can call the Health Department at 859.363.2070 or visit http://www.cdc.gov/non-polio-enterovirus/about/EV-D68.html?s_cid=cdc_homepage_whatsnew_001.