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Salmonellosis (Salmonella)

What is Salmonellosis?
What are the symptoms Salmonellosis?
How is Salmonellosis spread?
How can I keep from getting Salmonellosis?
If I’ve been exposed to Salmonellosis, how long will it take for symptoms to develop?
What treatments are available for Salmonellosis? How serious is the disease?
How many cases of Salmonellosis have been reported in Kentucky?
Where can I get more information on Salmonellosis?

What is Salmonellosis?
Salmonellosis is an infection caused by a bacteria called Salmonella that infects the intestines. It is commonly found in young children.
 
What are the symptoms Salmonellosis?
Diarrhea, cramps, nausea, headache, fever and sometimes vomiting. Children may show mild symptoms or they could be infected and show no symptoms. Illness can persist from four to seven days.
 
How is Salmonellosis spread?
Salmonella leaves the body through the stool of an infected person and enters another person when hands, food or objects, (such as toys) contaminated with stool are placed in the mouth. Spread can occur whether or not a person feels sick. Spread also can occur thru contact with farm animals, infected pets (usually puppies or kittens) and reptiles
 
How can I keep from getting Salmonellosis?Man carving a turkey

In the past, there have been outbreaks of Salmonella tied to canteloupes. What should I do?

 If I’ve been exposed to Salmonellosis, how long will it take for symptoms to develop?
 The initial symptoms of Salmonellosis can occur between 12 and 72 hours after exposure.

What treatments are available for Salmonellosis? How serious is the disease?
Salmonellosis infections usually resolve in four to seven days and do not require treatment unless the patient becomes dehydrated or the infection spreads from the intestines, either of which can result in hospitalization.
 
If the infection spreads, it can be treated with antibiotics. However, if the infection spreads to the blood stream and then to other body sites and is not promptly treated with antibiotics, death can occur.

As long as Salmonella is present in the stool, it will be contagious. This period may be extremely variable (several days to several months).
 
How many cases of Salmonellosis have been reported in Kentucky?
 In 2012, 53 cases were reported Northern Kentucky (Boone, Campbell, Grant and Kenton Counties), with an average of 39 per year.  

An average of 396 cases of Salmonellosis are reported in Kentucky each year.

Where can I get more information on Salmonellosis?
For more information online, you can visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention  or you can call the Health Department at 859.363.2070.

Sources: Northern Kentucky Health Department; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention