MRSA is a bacteria found of the skin of many people. It can cause infections in some people, and can be difficult to treat
Lyme disease is a potentially serious bacterial infection transmitted through the bite of certain species of ticks. Cases have been reported in the state of Kentucky.
What causes Lyme Disease?
Borrelia burgdorferi, a spirochete bacterium.
How is Lyme Disease spread?
Lyme disease bacteria are spread through the bite of an infected deer tick. The tick must be attached and feeding for at least 24 hours before transmission can occur. Also, not all deer ticks carry the bacteria, so only a small percentage of tick bites result in Lyme disease
The deer tick is dark brown in color with a brick red area on the back, and it is the size of a sesame seed or smaller (The common dog tick or wood tick is brown with white marks near the head, and two to four times as big as the deer tick.)
What are the symptoms of Lyme Disease?
Early: An expanding rash which looks like a bullseye, with a red outer rim and clearer center, called erythema migrans. This rash first occurs at the site of the bite, and may occur elsewhere on the body. The rash may not be noticed because of the location of the tick bite. A person with early Lyme disease may also have flu-like symptoms such as fever, tiredness, headache, stiff neck or muscle aches
Late: Weeks or months after infection, the joints, nervous system and heart may be affected. Arthritis, facial palsy and meningitis are late symptoms
How long is it contagious?
Not contagious except through blood transfusions
How can I prevent infection?
For more information, please call the Northern Kentucky Health Department at 859.363.2070.
Sources: Northern Kentucky Health Department, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Revised November 2014