Search Button
Divider Home Button

Fact sheets menu image

Flu

Updated: Sept. 21, 2016

Who should receive a seasonal flu vaccine?
Where is the flu vaccine available?
What options are available for flu vaccination?
Have there been cases of the seasonal flu reported in Kentucky this flu season?
If I am unable to get a flu vaccine, what can I do to keep from getting the flu?
How do I know if I have a cold or the flu?
How is the flu spread?
I’ve been vaccinated against the flu. Can I still get it?
If I’ve been exposed to the flu, how long will it take for symptoms to develop?
What treatments are available for the flu? How serious is the disease?
What months are usually the peak season for flu?
How many people typically get flu shots?
Where can I get more information on the flu?

Who should receive a seasonal flu vaccine?
The CDC recommends that everyone over the age of 6 months receive a seasonal flu vaccine.

Where is the flu vaccine available?

The Health Department will offer flu vaccine by appointment at its four county health centers. Call the health center most convenient for you for details.

Employers, pharmacies and private physicians are also offering flu vaccine.

What options are available for flu vaccination?

Flu vaccine options include:

The Centers for Disease Control is no longer recommending the nasal flu vaccine; that means everyone will need to receive their vaccine in shot form

Check with your health care provider to see which type of flu vaccine is best for you.

Have there been cases of the seasonal flu reported in Kentucky this flu season?
View the latest numbers.

In the 2015-2016 season, more than 1,800 cases of flu were reported, along with three deaths, in Northern Kentucky. 

If I am unable to get a flu vaccine, what can I do to keep from getting the flu?
Besides getting a flu vaccine, good hygiene can prevent the spread of the flu. You should:

Adults age 65 and older should also get both versions of the pneumococcal vaccine.

How do I know if I have a cold or the flu?A child with a fever
The symptoms of a cold and the flu are similar and it can be difficult to determine if you have a cold or the flu.

Typical symptoms of a cold include:

Typical symptoms of the flu include:

How is the flu spread?
The flu is spread through droplets expelled from an infected person’s nose or mouth. It can also be spread when you touch a surface that has a virus on it (i.e. a door handle), and then you put that hand in your eyes, nose or mouth.
 
I’ve been vaccinated against the flu. Can I still get it?
The vaccine usually protects most people from the flu. People who have been vaccinated may get the flu, but the symptoms will be milder.

The flu vaccine is designed to protect against certain strains. It may be possible to become infected with a strain not included in this year’s vaccine.
 
If I’ve been exposed to the flu, how long will it take for symptoms to develop?
The initial symptoms of flu can occur between one and four days after exposure.

What treatments are available for the flu? How serious is the disease?
For the most part, the flu should be treated with bed rest and plenty of liquids. You should also avoid alcohol and tobacco if you have the flu. If contacted within the first two days, your doctor may be able to provide you with medication that can decrease the length of the flu.

On average, more than 200,000 people in the U.S. are hospitalized because of the flu and about 24,000 people die because of it each year.

In most instances, flu can be treated at home with fever-reducing medication, rest and liquids. Certain symptoms signal a more serious infection and require immediate attention.

In children emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:

In adults, emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:

What months are usually the peak season for flu?
Typically, the highest flu activity occurs in February or mid-March. Flu activity is also usually heavy in December and March, but can peak as late as May.
 
How many people typically get flu shots?
In a typical year, 70 to 75 million Americans get vaccinated against the flu.

Where can I get more information on the flu?
For more information online, you can visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Sources: Northern Kentucky Health Department, Centers for Disease Control, Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services, National Association of City and County Health Officials