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Chikungunya

What is chikungunya?Mosquito
What are the symptoms of chikungunya?
If I’ve been exposed to chikungunya, how long will it take for symptoms to develop?
How is chikungunya spead?
How can I keep from getting chikungunya?
How long is someone with chikungunya contagious?
What treatments are available for chikungunya? How serious is the disease?
Where is chikungunya found?
Where can I get more information on chikungunya?

What is chikungunya?
Chikungunya, pronounced chik-en-gun-ye, is a viral disease that is transmitted to people by mosquitoes.

What are the symptoms of chikungunya? 
The most common symptoms include fever and severe joint pain, often in the hands or feet. Other symptoms may include headache, muscle pain, joint swelling or rash.

If I’ve been exposed to chikungunya, how long will it take for symptoms to develop?
Symptoms usually begin three to seven days after being bitten by an infected mosquito.

How is chikungunya spead?
Chikungunya virus is transmitted to people through mosquito bites. Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on a person already infected with the virus. Infected mosquitoes can then spread the virus to other people through bites.

Chikungunya is not spread directly from person-to-person.

How can I keep from getting chikungunya?
To date, all cases of chikungunya in Kentucky have been in people who traveled to foreign countries where the disease is present. However, it’s always good to remember to protect against all mosquito-borne illnesses.

How to avoid mosquito bites

Mosquito proof your home

Help your community

Protect others

How long is someone with chikungunya contagious?
The contagious period is one week after infection or as long as symptoms continue.

What treatments are available for chikungunya? How serious is the disease?
There are no anti-viral medicines to treat chikungunya, but medications can be used to relieve the fever and pain it causes.

Most people with chikungunya will feel better within a week, although joint pain may last longer.

Some people are at increased risk for severe disease, including newborns exposed during delivery, adults age 65 and older and people with medical conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes or heart disease. Deaths from chikungunya are rare.

Where is chikungunya found?
Most cases of chikungunya have been found in U.S. citizens who have traveled to areas of the world where the disease is more prevelant, becoming infected while traveling. However, in some U.S. states (but not in Kentucky) cases have been identified in people who had not traveled outside the U.S.

Other areas of the world where chikungunya has been found include Africa, Southern Europe, Southeast Asia, and islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.

Individuals who have traveled to areas where chikungunya has been found should watch for fever with joint pains or rash in the two weeks after they return. If they get sick, they should be sure to see a health care provider and tell the provider about their travel history.

Where can I get more information on chikungunya?
http://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/index.html