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Bronchitis

How common is Brochitis?

Bronchiolitis is a common, and sometimes a severe illness. It usually affects children under the age of 2. Bronchitis and bronchiolitis tend to occur more often in the fall and winter months.

What causes bronchitis?

Many different viruses (most commonly respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), parainfluenza virus, influenza virus, and adenoviruses), Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and some bacteria. Most of these organisms can cause other illnesses and not all persons exposed to the same organism will develop bronchitis or bronchiolitis

When infants and young children experience common respiratory viruses and are exposed to secondhand tobacco smoke, they are at risk of developing bronchiolitis, bronchitis, pneumonia and middle ear infections.

What are the symptoms?

Usually starts with a runny nose, fever, and a dry, harsh cough that becomes looser as the illness progresses. Older children may cough up green or yellow sputum. Sore throats can occur in some cases. It may take 1 to 2 weeks for the cough to stop

For how long is someone contagious?

From shortly before symptoms begin until the duration of acute symptoms

How can it be prevented?

  1. Cover mouth when coughing and sneezing, with tissue if possible. If a tissue is not available, cough or sneeze into your sleeve.
  2. Properly dispose of contaminated tissues.
  3. Clean, rinse with clean water, then sanitize mouthed toys at least daily and when soiled.
  4.  Frequent, careful hand washing by child care staff, children and household members.

 

For more information, please call the Northern Kentucky Health Department at 859.363.2070 or visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website.

Sources: Northern Kentucky health Department adn the centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Revised April 2015